ARTICLE RESEARCHED BY HELMUT DRESSLER AND BRETT WALTHER FOR THE - AUSTRALIAN SILKY TERRIER WEB CLUB OF QUEENSLAND.>
MANY DIFFERENT THEORIES HAVE BEEN GIVEN OVER THE YEARS REGARDING THE ORIGIN OF THE AUSTRALIAN SILKY TERRIER. THE TRUE ORIGIN IS CLOUDED BECAUSE LITTLE, IF ANY TRUE RECORDS EXIST FROM THE LATE 19TH CENTURY WHEN THE SILKY FIRST APPEARED. IN THE EARLY COLONIAL DAYS, TRAVEL TO AUSTRALIA TO ENGLAND TOOK MANY MONTHS. SPACE ON THE SHIPS WAS RESTRICTED , AS WAS THE AMOUNT OF FOOD THAT COULD BE CARRIED . SO EXCEPT FOR A FEW WORKING DOGS.
MOST-CARRIED BREEDS ON THE SHIPS WERE SHORT-LEGGED TERRIERS, SUCH AS THE SANDY ROUGH COATED SCOTCH TERRIER, PAISLEY TERRIER, SKYE TERRIER, CLYDESDALE TERRIER AND WATERSIDE TERRIER. ROSENEATH -TERRIER, THESE WERE INTERBRED OVER THE YEARS TO PRODUCE A BROKEN -COATED TERRIER. FROM THIS STAGE THERE ARE SEVERAL THEORIES REGARDING THE PRODUCTION OF THE SILKY TERRIER. ONE THEORY IS THAT IN THE EARLY 1800" S BROKEN- COATED DOGS WITH A BLUE BODY COLOR AND TAN MARKINGS WERE DEVELOPED IN TASMANIA. THEY WERE EXCELLENT WATCH DOGS, ALERT AND WITH AN INSTINCTIVE REACTION TO BARK AT ANY APPROACHING STRANGERS. WERE EXPORTED TO ENGLAND. BETWEEN 1820-1830 SOME BROKEN-COATED TERRIERS THESE WERE MATED WITH THE DANDY DIN MONT TERRIER. SOME OF THESE OFFSPRING WERE IMPORTED BACK TO AUSTRALIA BY MR. MAC ARTHUR LITTLE. THE RESULT CAN BE SEEN IN THE SOFT SILVER TOP KNOT OF THE AUSTRALIAN SILKY TERRIER. SEVERAL HAD DEVELOPED A SOFTER COAT AND WERE REFERRED TO AS THE SOFT SILKY BLUE COATED TERRIER. IN FOLLOWING YEARS , TWO SEPARATE STRAINS OF TERRIERS WERE DEVELOPED, ONE THE AUSTRALIAN TERRIER AND THE OTHER SOFT- COATED TERRIER ALTHOUGH SIMILAR IN COLOR. IN THE EARLY 1900"S FANCIERS OF THESE SOFT-COATED TERRIERS PREFERRED A LONGER AND EVEN SOFTER AND SMOOTHER COAT TO ENHANCE THE DOGS' ATTRACTIVENESS AND DRAW IT AWAY FROM THE RUGGED TERRIER APPEARANCE. THIS IS WHERE THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER WAS INTRODUCED TO THE SOFT-COATED AUSTRALIAN - TYPE TERRIER TO PRODUCE THE AUSTRALIAN SILKY TERRIER. THE SECOND THEORY STILL FOLLOWS THE THOUGHT THAT THE AUSTRALIAN TERRIER ORIGINATED FROM THE CROSS BREEDING OF THE BROKEN-COATED TERRIER AND THE DANDY DIN MONT TERRIER. THIS RESULTED IN THE EARLY AUSTRALIAN TERRIERS HAVING A SOFT SILKY SILVER TOP KNOT. YEARS LATER THE AUSTRALIAN TERRIER BREEDERS CROSS BRED LARGER YORKSHIRE TERRIERS WITH THE AUSTRALIAN TERRIER TO IMPROVE THE BLUE AND TAN COLORING WHICH WAS LACKING . THE RESULTS OF THESE MATINGS INTRODUCED A NEW BREED, THE AUSTRALIAN TERRIER. THE CROSS BREEDING BETWEEN THE THREE BREEDS CONTINUED FOR MANY YEARS UNTIL PROHIBITED. IN 1904 A SILKY TERRIER AND YORKSHIRE TERRIER CLUB WAS FORMED IN MELBOURNE, WHERE A BREED STANDARD WAS WRITTEN FOR BOTH BREEDS. SYDNEY FOLLOWED WITH THEIR OWN SILKY- AND STANDARD TWO YEARS LATER. IN 1932 THE KENNEL CONTROL COUNCIL OF VICTORIA PROHIBITED CROSS BREEDING BETWEEN THE SILKY, AUSTRALIAN TERRIER AND YORKSHIRE TERRIER TO PROTECT BREED IDENTITY, AS SMALL SILKY TERRIERS WERE BECOMING DIFFICULT TO SEPARATE FROM LARGE YORKSHIRE TERRIERS.
ON 30TH MARCH 1959 THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL KENNEL COUNCIL APPROVED AND ADOPTED A STANDARD FOR THE BREED AND CHANGED THE NAME TO THE AUSTRALIAN -SILKY -TERRIER. DURING THE DRAFTING OF THE NATIONAL STANDARD, THE SILKIES WERE WEIGHED , MEASURED IN HEIGHT AND SIZE, COLOR WAS DEFINED AS BLUE AND TAN OR GREY BLUE AND TAN AND BODY CONFORMATION WAS DEFINED. THE STANDARD WAS LATER AMENDED IN THE 1970'S TO INCLUDE A FAWN TOP KNOT AS ACCEPTABLE. SEVERAL OTHER THEORIES EXIST, BUT WE BELIEVE THAT PART OF BOTH STORIES ARE NON-FICTION AND COMBINE TO REPRESENT THE TRUE ORIGIN OF THE AUSTRALIAN SILKY TERRIER - WHO KNOWS ??!!
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Long coated, coat hanging quite straight and evenly down each side, a parting extending from nose to end of tail. Very compact and neat. Carriage very upright conveying an
important air. General outline conveying impression of vigorous and well proportioned body.
CHARACTERISTICS: Alert, intelligent toy terrier.
TEMPERAMENT: Spirited with even disposition.
HEAD AND SKULL: Rather small and flat, not too prominent or round in skull, nor too long in muzzle; black nose.
EYES: Medium, dark, sparkling, with sharp intelligent expression and placed to look directly forward.
Not prominent. Edge of eyelids dark.
EARS: Small, V-shaped, carried erect, not too far apart, covered with short hair, colour very deep, rich tan.
MOUTH: Perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
NECK: Good reach.
FOREQUARTERS: Well laid shoulders, legs straight, well covered with hair of rich golden tan a few shades lighter at ends than at roots, not extending higher on forelegs than elbows
BODY: Compact with moderate spring of rip, good loin. Level back Hindquarters: Legs quite straight when viewed from behind, moderate turn of stifle. Well covered with hair of rich golden tan a few shades
lighter at ends than at roots, not extending higher on hind legs than stifle.
FEET:Round; nails black.
TAIL: Customarily docked to medium length with plenty of hair, darker blue in colour than rest of body, especially at end of tail. Carried a little higher than level of back.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Free with drive; straight action front and behind retaining level top line.
COAT: Hair on body moderately long, perfectly straight (not wavy ),glossy; fine silky texture, not woolly. Fall on head long, rich golden tan, deeper in colour at sides of head, about ear roots and on muzzle where it should be very long. Tan on head not to extend on to neck, nor must any sooty or dark hair intermingle with any of tan.
COLOUR: Dark steel blue ( not silver blue ), extending from occiput to root of tail. never mingled with fawn, bronze or dark hairs. Hair on chest rich, bright tan. All tan hair darker at the roots than in middle, shading to still lighter at tips.
SIZE: Weight up to 3.3 kg (7lbs).
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
NOTE: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
AUSTRALIAN -NATIONAL -KENNEL- COUNCIL.
A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.
Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.
Last Updated: 22 May 2009 (Group 1 (Toys) History - -Link
General Appearance: The dog is compact, moderately low set, of medium length with a refined structure but of sufficient substance to suggest the ability to hunt and kill domestic rodents. The parted, straight silky hair presents a well-groomed appearance.
Characteristics: It should display Terrier characteristics, embodying keen alertness, activity and soundness.
Temperament: (See under Characteristics)
Head And Skull: Of moderate length, slightly shorter from the tip of the nose to between the eyes than from the same position to the occiput. The head must be strong and of Terrier character, being moderately broad between the ears; the skull flat and without fullness between the eyes, with fine silky top-knot, not falling over the eyes, (a long fall of hair on the foreface or cheeks is very objectionable.) Nose black.
Eyes: Shall be small oval never round or prominent, dark as possible in colour with a keen intelligent expression.
Ears: Should be small, V-shaped with fine leather, set high on the skull, pricked, and entirely free from long hair.
Mouth: Strong jaws, teeth even and not cramped, the upper incisors fitting closely over the lower (scissor bite). Lips tight and clean.
Neck: Medium length, refined and slightly crested, fitting gracefully into the shoulders. Well covered with long silky hair.
Forequarters: Shoulders fine and well laid back, fitting with well angulated upper arms snugly to the ribs. Elbows turned neither in nor out. The forelegs have refined, round bone and are straight and set well under the body with no weakness in the pasterns.
Body: Should be moderately long in proportion to the height of the dog. Level topline at all times (both standing and moving), well sprung ribs extending back to strong loins. Chest of moderate depth and breadth. A topline showing a roach or dip is a serious fault.
Hindquarters: The thighs must be well developed and the stifles should be well turned and the hocks well bent. When viewed from the behind the hocks should be well let down and parallel with each other.
Feet: Small, well padded, cat-like with closely knit toes, the toenails must be black or very dark.
Tail: Docked: Set on high and carried erect, but not over-gay. Should be free of feathering.
Undocked: The first three vertebrae to be carried erect, the balance to be carried erect or slightly curved, but not over-gay. Must not be curled. The length to give an overall balanced appearance. In accordance with the docked description the undocked tail to be free of feathering.
Gait/Movement: The movement should be free and true without slackness at shoulders or elbows, there should be no turning in nor out of the feet or pasterns. The hindquarters should have strong propelling power with ample flexibility at stifles and hocks. Viewed from behind the movement should be neither too close nor too wide.
Coat: Must be flat, fine and glossy and of a silky texture. The length of coat must not be so long as to impede the dog's action and should allows daylight to be seen under the dog. The front and rear feet to be free from long hair.
Colour: All shades of blue and tan are acceptable ,the richer these colours and more clearly defined the better. Silver and “white” not acceptable. Blue on the tail to be very dark. Silver blue or fawn top-knot desirable. Distribution of blue and tan as follows: tan around the base of the ears, muzzle and on the sides of the cheeks; blue from the base of the skull to tip of tail, running down the forelegs to near the knees and down the thighs to the hocks; tan line showing down the stifles and from the knees and hocks to the toes and around the vent.
The blue body colour should be free from tan or bronzing. Tan markings must be free from smuttiness. Black colouring is permissible in puppies, blue colour must be established by 18 months of age.
Sizes: / Height: Dogs - 23 to 26 cm (9 to 10.5 ins) at the withers, Bitches can be slightly les Weight:
Weight in proportion to height.
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Notes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
(Last Updated: 22 May 2009)
EDUCATING- NOTE ! Approximately: Much like; resembling, to bring near Moderately: Within reasonable limits. / Slightly: Near equals. / Desirable: Having pleasing. Moderately Long: To a moderate degree without excess.
News: What is the difference between the two toy breeds?
The Yorkshire Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier
The Yorkshire Terrier
When considering a dog, please realize that you are taking it on for its lifetime. Yorkshire Terriers can live up to 16 years of age and occasionally even older.
AVERAGE SIZE & WEIGHT TO DAY
Yorkshire Terriers generally weigh from
1.8 kgs (4 lbs.) to 3.2 kgs (7lbs.)
The Yorkshire terrier is not suited to being an outdoor dog only.
Ideal owner/s those who require a family companion and are prepared to have a dog living indoors or in the enclosed backyard most of the times.
BREED PERSONALITY/CHARACTERISTICS/ TEMPERAMENT
The Yorkshire terrier is a lovely small “lap dog” prefers to be all wise around you, but he is a true little Terrier and a loyal companion.
Most Yorkshire Terriers are alert, active and inquisitive. They can be determined with a mind of their own but are faithful and loyal to their human family. They thrive on human companionship and will happily be included in family activities. They have a sense of fun and enjoy a game. Thanks to their alertness, they make a good watchdog and will bark if strangers come to the home. Although they are of small stature, they are generally a robust and healthy little terrier.
They have the proportions of a normal dog but in miniature. Yorkshire Terriers have a coat that does not shed or mould and they are therefore a hypoallergenic (low allergy causing) breed. He loves comfort and snuggling on soft pillows or your lap.
The coat is not weather resistant and so Yorkshire Terriers should live indoors with periods outside for exercise. Ideal for apartment living or homes with small backyards.
Surprisingly, this fashionable little dog (breed) is over a hundred years old. Over the last century the Yorkie emerged as a distinct breed in the early days. After many years of cross breeding Paisley and Clydesdale terriers with other Scottish breeds like the Skye terrier, Dandy Dinmont and Maltese Terrier may also have played a part in the breeding of the Yorkshire terrier today.
Benefit of the Toy breed
The Yorkshire Terriers Terrier has very fine hair. It is similar to human hair and does not shed like most other breeds.
The Yorkshire terrier’s coat will generally grow to the ground and needs to be brushed for an hour every second day to keep it free of tangles. The hair on the head needs to be tied up secured with a rubber band or bow to keep it out of the eyes. If an owner wants less work and not being used for show then the coat can be kept trimmed short.
This way, 20 minutes brushing twice a week should be sufficient if he lives inside most of the time.
As Yorkshire Terriers are generally robust little dogs, they will happily go for a long walk some do, with their owner. If the backyard is of sufficient size, then adequate exercise can be gained running round in the backyard without the necessity of being taken for a walk in the street.
COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER PETS
Yorkshire Terriers generally live happily with other breeds of dog as long as the dog is of similar size. A large dog could easily injure a Yorkshire terrier unintentionally while playing roughly
The Yorkshire terrier is suitable for people of all ages, with or without children but it is best that children are over 6 years of age. This is because a young child could easily injure a Yorkshire terrier. The most important issue when considering owning a Yorkshire terrier is whether you have adequate time to look after and socialize a dog! Like most dogs, it is not good for a Yorkshire terrier’s temperament to be left alone for long periods of time. If everyone in the household is away from 9am to 5pm then it is best to get 2 dogs so that they have company.
Now you know a little about the Yorkshire terrier and have decided this is the dog for you or you want more information, make contact with the breeder or your State controlling body for purebred dogs as listed on the website. They will be able to give you information about available puppies and also suggest dog shows where you can see the breed and speak to breeders. In this way you will gain a better perspective of the breed and its needs.
The Yorkshire terrier is not suited to being an outdoor dog only. Ideal owner/s those who require a family companion and are prepared to have a dog living indoors or in the enclosed backyard most of the times.
The good news is, the Yorkshire or a Silky Terrier is low cost to feed, with a tiny appetite. We recommend a good quality dog food from:
Advanced Dog Food >
And if you don’t want to deal with!!! The fragility of this Yorkshire terrier or some times housebreaking difficulties not socialized enough; Switch to the lower Purchasing cost, the Silky Terrier is more suitable to the Australian climate and is much easier to handle generally.
Please ring as if you have more Questions about Silky or Yorkshire Terriers.
Puppies from quality healthy stock sometimes available, also carefully selected breeding stock, while breeding to our Yorkshire Terrier standard to produce the best possible quality dog.
Raised with lots of love and attention in a family home.
And with the age of 8 to 12 weeks old on the day, they are leaving home. They are all Vet checked, wormed, vaccinated and micro-chipped.
With registered pedigree's from CCC (Q) dogs registered in Queensland.
Be aware of: DESIGNER DOG >